Arthritic knee pain

Arthritis results in the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. You may experience stiffness, pain, swelling as the main arthritis symptoms. The disease can affect any joint in your body, but it occurs mainly in the knee.

The main types of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but the other forms of arthritis present can disturb your mobility in some or other way. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that worsens over time, often resulting in chronic pain. Joint pain and stiffness can become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Even though it is an adult disease, some forms of the disease also affect children.

When it comes to knee arthritis, it can make your day to day activities painful like climbing stairs, walking, etc. It can also result in serious disability in most of the people. In many cases, the weight has a huge impact on arthritis condition. When you are overweight, your joints have to bear the added pressure especially your knees, feet, and hips.

You can follow a healthy diet consisting of whole foods, fresh fruits, and vegetables to manage weight and build strong immunity.

When you visit the doctor to discuss your arthritis symptoms, he would perform a physical examination and may ask you to undergo diagnostic tests like blood tests and x-rays. He would also suggest the right treatment after evaluating your condition and medical history.


In many cases, knee pain can be treated without undergoing surgery. In some patients, specific exercises aid an improved range of flexibility and motion and also improve the functioning of muscles in the leg.

Physiotherapy helps to manage knee pain that directly impact joint health and knee osteoarthritis.   On the other hand, even if there is less movement of knees it can make them weak. So, you need to find the right balance between moving knee joints to keep them healthy and strong. Certainly, physiotherapy proves to be an effective treatment to accomplish the goal.

At Synapse Physio, the expert Physiotherapists designs a personalized exercise program to suit your needs. Do not let knee pain disturb your daily activities. At Synapse Physio, you will find experienced Physiotherapists to address your knee problem and offer the best Physiotherapy treatment for arthritic pain.

Hip and ankle pain

Serious hip & leg pain can be exhausting. Osteoarthritis is a deteriorating disease that affects your joints in the legs and arms and also knees, hips, ankles, wrists, and fingers.

Osteoarthritis is caused as a result of wear & tear of the joints. With age, the cartilage that shields the joints begins to devitalize leading to the rubbing of bones. But besides the breakdown of cartilage, osteoarthritis affects the entire joint. It causes changes in the bone and deterioration of the connective tissues that hold the joint together and attach muscle to bone. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining. It results in pain, loss of motion, and swelling in joints.

When it comes to foot/ankle, they are located far away from your hip/knee, but they are vital parts of the body that are interlinked. Everything is about the biomechanics of the body that is the functioning of joints, soft tissues, and muscles together to keep you moving.

At Synapse Physio, we work closely with you to diagnose the root cause of pain and offer effective treatments to help you get relief.

Hip Pain

The hip is a stable ball & socket joint with a cartilage layer in between. It surrounds huge and strong muscles that help you in moving forward while walking. Also, these muscles manage ankle and knee movements.

While walking or running, a cushion of cartilage helps to prevent friction as the hip bone moves in its socket. Despite its durability, the hip joint isn’t indestructible. With age and use, the cartilage can tear or become damaged. Muscles and tendons in the hip can get overused. Bones in the hip can break during a fall or other injury. Any of these conditions can lead to hip pain.

So, when you experience hip pain, do not ignore it as a minor issue if not treated can result in severe injury too. Problems within the hip joint itself tend to result in pain on the inside of your hip or your groin. Hip pain on the outside of your hip, upper thigh or outer buttock is usually caused by problems with muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that surround your hip joint.

Ankle pain

Ankle pain refers to any kind of pain or discomfort affecting any part of the ankle. Ankle pain can happen for many reasons. Common causes of ankle pain include injury, arthritis and normal wear and tear, Achilles tendinitis, Bursitis (joint inflammation) Plantar fasciitis, Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease), Sprained ankle, Tarsal tunnel syndrome. Depending on the cause, you may feel pain or stiffness anywhere around the ankle. Your ankle may also swell, and you may not be able to put any weight on it.

A physical therapy program can help you strengthen muscles and prevent another injury.

We at Synapse Physio help you undergo early assessment and get appropriate treatment with the help of our expert Physiotherapists.

When you visit our clinic, the Physiotherapist would ask about your medical history and will ask you a few questions regarding your condition. After assessing your condition thoroughly, the Physiotherapist would design the best physiotherapy treatment plan to reduce the pain.

Our experienced Physiotherapists will help you to treat problems related to hip and ankle joint with gentle Physiotherapy sessions and helps to strengthen muscles surrounding your hip and ankle joint.

Neck pain

Neck pain is also called cervical pain and it is categorized by pain and discomfort in the vertebrae part.
Home remedies can treat minor neck pain but severe pain condition needs appropriate treatment and physiotherapy for neck pain is one of those treatments.

What are the symptoms of neck pain

Well, many of them to list, but the common neck pain symptoms are-

  • Tingling
  • Tenderness
  • Numbness
  • Pulsations
  • Severe shooting pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Dizziness/light-headedness
  • Swelling in Lymph Node

What are the causes of neck pain?

There are different causes for neck pain and the common one is a bad posture to serious health ailments. Some common causes of neck pain are

  • Neck strain
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Neck injury
  • Neck pain due to swelling of lymph node or throat infection due to virus
  • Tuberculosis (neck)
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Spine bones infection (in the neck)
  • Meningitis, followed by neck stiffness

How is the neck pain diagnosed?

When it comes to severe neck pain, the doctor would diagnose the condition only after analyzing the medical history & symptoms where the neck pain occurs along with its intensity and duration.
Doctors would also examine the nervous system to identify if any nerve at the back is causing neck pain.
Tests that can be carried out by the doctor for the right diagnosis are

  • CT scan
  • X-ray
  • MRI scan
  • Bone scan
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Myelogram
  • Nerve conduction velocity test (NCV)

How Physiotherapy is helpful for Neck Pain?

In some cases, Physiotherapy for neck pain continues for a long to get relief from pain through strengthening, Stretch and straighten, and other exercises.
When you visit Synapse Physio, you will undergo complete pain evaluation under the supervision of Dr. G.K.Balaji to plan out the suitable physiotherapy treatment for you. He will assess the movement of your neck and advise the right physiotherapy treatment plan that would help treat pain effectively.

Back Pain

Back pain is a very common health ailment that most of us experience during some phase of our lives.
Back pain mainly affects the lower back and thankfully, in most cases, the pain is not severe and can be resolved in weeks or few days. On the other hand, some symptoms can be severe and need immediate medical attention, examination, and treatment.
If you are facing back pain, physiotherapy for back pain can be the best treatment option to go with

What are the causes of Back pain?

The main cause of back pain, mostly lower back pain, is a mixture of poor posture & insufficient movement which is observed in people sitting for long hours in one place. Initially, the pain may not be severe, but after a prolonged period, it can get serious. Some other causes for lower back pain are

  • Joint impingement
  • Disc prolapsed
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Arthritis
  • Fracture
  • Osteoporosis
  • Strain
  • Back structural issues
  • Pregnancy back pain
  • Medical condition like Cauda Equina Syndrome, Kidney infections, cancer, etc
  • Obesity

Ideally, Physiotherapy for lower back pain can do wonders. Apart from correct advice on physiotherapy exercises for lower back pain & self-treatment techniques, it would help resolve pain in a few weeks/days.

How is lower back pain diagnosed?

Your physiotherapist would ask you about your medical history and carry out a complete physical examination to identify the areas where pain persists. Through physical examination, it becomes easy to identify if the pain is hitting a range of motion.

How can Physiotherapy help in lower back pain?

Over the years, physiotherapy treatment for back pain has proved to be one of the most practical treatments to resolve a particular problem. We at Synapse Physio offer tailor-made physiotherapy treatment plans under the guidance and care of Dr. G.K. Balaji who would assess your condition to help you get a physiotherapy treatment plan that best suits your back pain.

Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common health ailment that affects almost all age groups. The pain aggravates due to obesity or physical activity etc. Physiotherapy for knee pain is one of the most effective treatments known today.

What are the causes of knee pain?

  • Torn ligament, a broken bone, or meniscal tear
  • Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, infections
  • Tendinitis, patellar syndromes, and bursitis
  • Cartilage disorders/injuries
  • Broken kneecap
  • Aging factor
  • Injury due to accident
  • Fracture and dislocation
  • Underlying infection

What are the symptoms of knee pain?

  • Locking of knee
  • Difficulty in walking, bearing weight due to unstable knee
  • Limping because of discomfort
  • Swelling and redness
  • Difficulty climbing stairs or climbing down the stairs
  • Not able to extend the knee

How is knee pain diagnosed?

Apart from a thorough medical history and physical examination, where your doctor would ask questions related to possible sources of sports injuries, trauma or car accidents, etc. He would also ask where and when the pain is felt and would carry out some tests for knee problems like X-Ray, CT scan, and MRI, etc.

The doctor would create a proper evaluation to help you get a proper knee pain treatment plan. A complete diagnosis can help get the right treatment to heal knee pain.

How Physiotherapy of knee can help get rid of the pain?

To heal knee pain, physiotherapy of knee pain can be adopted to get complete relief. At Synapse Physio, experienced physiotherapist Dr. G. K. Balaji evaluates your condition considering different factors related to knee pain.

The course of knee treatment depends on the intensity of damage caused to the knee. Our expert team of physiotherapists would help you manage knee pain, strengthen knee joints, muscles, and reverse the damage and prevent further pain.

Shoulder Pain

The shoulder joint has wide range of motion. In case you face any issue with the shoulder, the ability to move your shoulders becomes difficult. It can result in severe pain and discomfort.

What are the causes of shoulder pain?

There are different factors and possible conditions that add to shoulder pain. The main cause stated is rotator cuff tendinitis. The condition is marked by inflamed tendons.

Yet another main cause of shoulder pain is impingement syndrome wherein the rotator cuff gets stuck between the humeral head and acromion.

The pain in the shoulder sometimes occurs as an outcome of injury to a different part of your body like biceps and neck. It is also termed as referred pain.

Some other causes that result in shoulder pain

  • Cartilage tear
  • Arthritis
  • Ruptured tendons
  • Entrapped nerve in shoulder or neck
  • Bone spurs
  • Dislocated shoulder
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Spinal cord injury

How is shoulder pain diagnosed?

When you visit any physiotherapist, he/she would assess the cause of the shoulder pain. Also, your doctor would check your medical history and then carry out a physical examination.

The therapist will check for swelling and tenderness and examine your shoulder mobility and joint stability. For thorough examination, he may suggest imaging tests like MRI/X-ray, etc to have clear pictures of the shoulder to aid proper diagnosis.

How can Physiotherapy be helpful to manage shoulder pain?

To get rid of shoulder pain, physiotherapy proves to be effective treatment than its counterparts. We at Synapse Physio provides the professional physiotherapy care where Dr. G.K. Balaji would carry out a general examination from different angles which would help him observe the shoulder to aid further treatment.

You will be asked to carry out some active movements to help the physiotherapist evaluate shoulder movements and identify the pain, joint range motion, shoulder strength etc. Once the entire evaluation is done, the physiotherapist would diagnosis and plan an appropriate treatment plan to treat your condition.