Changes in barometric pressure and temperature affect the severity of pain especially for patients already having joint and bone-related issues. Lower barometric pressure—which is what we experience in the winter is associated with an increase in pain intensity and unpleasantness. Swelling, stiffness, fatigue, pain, and other common symptoms may become unbearable sometimes during winter.
The mechanism of why joint pain increases during the winter is not fully understood; however, it is believed that most of the blood flow is directed towards organs to keep them warm. Thus, decreasing the blood flow to bones and joints. Reduction of blood circulation causes constriction of blood vessels due to which there is less supply of oxygen, nutrients, and other essential fluids. All these factors cause joints to be less flexible, stiff, and painful.
Physiotherapy can help manage the pain and other symptoms of patients who have arthritis, spondylosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
How Can Physiotherapy Help to Manage Bone and Joint-Related Problems and Their Symptoms?
- Joint pain and stiff muscles are the most observed symptoms during the winter. Physiotherapy techniques such as heat and cold therapy, TENS therapy, and therapeutic exercises can help to manage joint pain and loosen the tightened muscles during the winter. The physiotherapist may also suggest some home-based exercises that may help you to decrease the pain.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is another disease that gets worse during the winter. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis such as swelling, fatigue, pain, joint stiffness worsen in winters. Physiotherapy helps to control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis effectively. Physical therapy, proper home-based exercises (under proper counseling) can help to improve physical fitness and manage symptoms of the disease.
- Spondylosis is a condition that affects bones, inter-vertebral disc, and joints of the neck. In winter, the symptom of the disease gets worse. Physiotherapy plays a vital role in managing the symptoms. Physiotherapy exercises helps in improving strength, core stability and increase joint’s range of motion and flexibility. Thus, helps in improving the quality of life of patient.